Effective Use of Language.The Need For Language
/ 2019年9月8日（Sun） / hosomi
Effective Use of Language.The Need For Language
As a writer, it is necessary not just to consider what you say, but how you say it. To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. One must also think about the style, tone and clarity of his/her writing, and adapt these elements to your audience that is reading. Again, analyzing a person’s audience and purpose is the key to effectiveness that is writing. The writer must consider the objective of the document, the context in which it is being written, and who will be reading it in order to choose the most effective language.
Characteristics of Effective Language
Concrete language includes descriptions which create tangible images with details the reader can visualize. Abstract language is vague and obscure, and will not bring to mind specific images that are visual. Think about the two sets of statements below. The statement towards the top is abstract, however the statements become increasingly concrete and specific toward the underside.
He could be a bad roommate
He is lazy and discourteous essay writer
He is untidy and unclean
He does not tidy up his own messes
He leaves his dirty dishes regarding the kitchen counter
Your relationship with John is unacceptable
You do not go along well with John
You and John have lots of arguments
both you and John insult each other too much
You and John call each other derogatory names
Notice exactly how much more effective the statements become while the language gets to be more concrete and specific. The statements at the top, which are far more abstract, may be interpreted in several possible ways, and then leave many questions answered. The statements at the end, that are more concrete, are less ready to accept interpretations that are multiple.
A hallmark of effective writers could be the capacity to express the specified message in as few words that you can. Good writers, quite simply, use language which will be to-the-point and straightforward. Think about the following examples.
(1) it really is widely discussed by employees that many of them would be obligated to change jobs and take on responsibilities that are new the merger takes place between your two companies.
(2) before carefully deciding about perhaps the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case, the people in the jury ought to be sure to carefully think of, ponder and think about every one of the important and relevant testimony in the scenario.
Notice how long-winded these sentences are, and how easily they may be shortened and simplified. An important part of revising and editing involves re-phrasing sentences to remove excessive wordiness. One way to reduce wordiness is always to eliminate redundant words or phrases. Consider example one above. The phrases “to change jobs” and “take on new responsibilities” are redundant, and might be combined into one short phrase to be expressed more concisely.
Consider example two above. The phrase “. should be certain to carefully think of, ponder and think on. ” contains three ways of saying the thing that is same. This sentence could possibly be improved by using only one for the key phrases: “. to reflect on. “
A second method to reduce wordiness is always to eliminate “filler” words which serve no purpose when you look at the sentence. Consider example one above. Replace the phrase “. once the merger takes place involving the two companies” with “. when the 2 companies merge.” Consider example two above. Notice the excessive wordiness in the following phrase: “Before making the decision about whether or not the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this instance . ” This sentence could simply read: “Before determining the defendant’s guilt or innocence. “
Familiar language is that which the readers easily recognize and understand simply because they make use of it on a typical basis. Probably one of the most important functions of language is always to build “homophily” or a feeling of commonality with one’s readers. Language that will be foreign and unfamiliar to your reader has a tendency to emphasize the differences between writer and reader, and helps make the message tough to understand. By utilizing language that is familiar into the reader, the message is likely to have significantly more impact.
Consider the examples that are following.
An assignment provided to a course of business students by their philosophy professor:
“The presently assigned paper necessitates an eloquently articulated analysis associated with Existentialist perspective as it pertains to living that is contemporary. You really need to adumbrate the points which represent the sine qua non of your analysis.”
A letter delivered to school that is high warning them associated with risks of an unhealthy diet:
“Individuals who maintain a diet of high fat content are confronted with an elevated danger of developing atherosclerosis, which is a buildup of fat deposits on the inner walls regarding the arteries. This problem can lessen or cut the flow off of blood when you look at the arteries serving the main organs associated with the body. This can lead to poor health.”
In both examples above, the language which is used is unfamiliar to your readers. The message loses its impact as a result.
Precise and Clear Language
The use of appropriate language is a matter that is tricky this is of words is relative and situational. Put simply, words could be interpreted in different ways by differing people in different situations. With this good reason, it is important to choose language that is as precise and clear as you can. The more precise and one that is clear usage of language becomes, the fewer how many possible interpretations for a message. Think about the words that are following. What value that is numerical you assign to each of them? If something is “probable what percentage associated with the right time does it occur? P>
Would other people assign the value that is same these words while you did? In fact, the range of values varies greatly mainly because terms are relative: they could mean things that are different different people in various situations. How could one become more precise in his/her use of these terms?
Think about the examples below. Notice that these terms may differ widely when you look at the meaning to people that are different. The best way to make use of such relative terms, then, is always to compare them to something concrete and “known” to your reader. For instance: “Is that Acura a costly car?” is the best answered with a comparison: “when compared with that Honda, the Acura is expensive. In comparison to that Lexus, it really is inexpensive.”
Think about the following examples. Note the confusion that is potential ambiguity in these phrases.
(1) Why the student body should continue in this state of apathy is not really understandable.
(2) Our student body is dull and slack-minded.
(3) The practice and theory of politics are studied into the classroom but political habits on campus usually do not appear to reap the benefits of such labor.
(4) he is an interesting individual.
(5) it is hard to estimate the amount of people affected by AIDS.
Each one of the following are actual headlines printed in newspapers. Notice their double meaning.
(1) Include your young ones when Baking Cookies
(2) Safety Experts Say School Buss Passengers should always be Belted
(3) Bank Drive-in Window Blocked by Board
(4) Killer Sentenced to Die for Second amount of time in a decade
(5) Eye Drops Off Shelf
In short, it is wise to believe carefully regarding your range of words and their interpretations that are potential. To communicate effectively, precise and clear language is essential.